Welcome to Dragon Boat Festival 2018 - Information Portal!

The Dragon Boat Festival, also often known, especially in China, as the Duanwu Festival, is a traditional holiday originating in China. Find out more...


Following are the some of the key information about Dragon Boat Festival 2018 :-

  • Dragon Boat Festival will be held on Monday, June 18, 2018.
  • You can join and celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival 2018 with us. Remember to Bookmark this infomration portal for up-to-date information about the event!.
  • This information portal will update you about the global trends, events and celebrations for this year Dragon Boat Festival.

Tuesday, 8 May 2018

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Dragon Boat Festival Countries

Dragon Boat Festival Countries

The origin of the Dragon Boat Festival has always been a mixed one. Some people see it as a patriotic poet Qu Yuan who commemorated Wu Luo in the fifth month of May. Some people say that this festival was ancient and it was a day of disinfection and quarantine. According to the records in the literature and many of the Dragon Boat Festival customs that have been passed down from generation to generation, May was regarded as the "toxic month" and "bad month". The fifth of May was the first of nine poisons. Therefore, many exorcism and disinfection were circulated on this day. The special customs of the quarantine and the quarantine were as follows. So which countries have the Dragon Boat Festival?

          

Chinese Dragon Boat Festival

Chinese Dragon Boat Festival
Chinese Dragon Boat Festival

Influenced by Chinese culture, many countries in the Asian region also have their own Dragon Boat Festival activities. Moreover, as the charm of Chinese culture continues to infiltrate the world, the ancient Dragon Boat Festival is also step by step into the eyes of all countries in the world. Dragon boat racing is popular and popular in the West, and some countries, even though they do not have Dragon Boat Festival, are also Have a special liking for eating dumplings. The Dragon Boat Festival customs in Asia have been different for many years. Under the influence of Chinese culture, many countries in Asia have also passed the Dragon Boat Festival. However, due to the historical changes in different regions and cultural differences, the activities held by the localities during the Dragon Boat Festival are not all the same and they have their merits. Which countries have Dragon Boat Festival to share below.

South Korea has Dragon Boat Festival:


South Korea dragon boat festival
South Korea dragon boat festival


The Korean Dragon Boat Festival is rich and colorful. It usually lasts for more than 20 days. During the Dragon Boat Festival, there will be activities such as masked dances, casting pots, wrestling, swinging, taekwondo competitions, and college football matches. These are local characteristics of South Korea. . "The Gangneung Dragon Boat Festival" is a large-scale folk event for the citizens of Gangneung, South Korea, who pray for good harvest and well-being. It is also a typical representative of the Korean Dragon Boat Festival. According to research by Korean scholars, the origin of the Gangneung Dragon Boat Festival can be traced back more than 1,000 years ago.



The Japanese national dragon boat festival:

japanese dragon boat festival
japanese dragon boat festival

The Dragon Boat Festival in Japan was introduced into China after the Heian era. The main activities of the Japanese over the Dragon Boat Festival are to eat wolfberry and cypress cakes for the purpose of warding off evil spirits, and to drink liquor from the iris. In Japanese, “Yapu” and “Martial Arts” are homophonic, so the Dragon Boat Festival gradually became a festival for boys. In order for the boys to thrive and grow healthily, they will be successful in the future. People will raise the flag of the carp at the door of the house and put on samurai idols, armor, and battle caps.



The Singapore National Dragon Boat Festival:

Singapore-Dragon-Boat-Festival
Singapore-Dragon-Boat-Festival

Chinese Singaporeans know that the Dragon Boat Festival, when the Dragon Boat Festival in the fifth lunar month of the Lunar New Year comes, people will never forget to eat dumplings, dragon boat races. Before and after the Dragon Boat Festival, Singapore’s East Coast Park will hold an exciting Dragon Boat Invitational Tournament. Teams of dragon boats from all over the world will gather here.Dragon boat festival in Singapore represents the culture of the people and influence of china 



The Dragon Boat Festival in Vietnam:

vietnam dragon boat festival
vietnam dragon boat festival

Vietnam also celebrated the Dragon Boat Festival in the fifth month of the lunar calendar. Their main content is to eat dumplings and dredge insects on the Dragon Boat Festival. Parents will prepare a lot of fruit for the children, wearing a colorful line of woven charms, adults will drink yellow wine, and on the children painted with yellow wine deworming. Moreover, Vietnamese people believe that eating dumplings can get good weather and good harvest.

As more and more people are conquered by the charm of Chinese culture, some Western countries have begun to “hug passionately” for the Dragon Boat Festival's iconic show Dragon Boat Festival. This fun sport is even popular in some countries.



The United States has the Dragon Boat Festival:

united states dragon boat festival
United States dragon boat festival

Probably from the 1980s, Americans gradually learned about this activity by participating in dragon boat races held in China and other places. To this day, China's traditional sports dragon boat has quietly infiltrated the exercise habits of some Americans and has become one of the fastest growing popular sports and entertainment projects in the United States.



The German national dragon boat festival:

German dragon boat festival
German dragon boat festival

The Dragon Boat Race in Dragon Boat Festival has taken root in Germany for a full 20 years. In 1989, the dragon boat event was introduced to Germany and the first Dragon Boat Festival was held in Hamburg. After 1991, the Dragon Boat Race was held in Frankfurt, the German financial center, and has continued to this day.

Dragon Boat Festival in Canada

Victoria dragon Boat Festival

The event was initiated by the Victorian Chinese Chamber of Commerce. Many Victorian Chinese merchants fully participated in the sponsorship support and participated in a dragon boat race.Now dragon boat festival becoming very popular event especially in Victoria, Ottawa and Toronto Canada.





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Why Dragon Boat Racing is part of Dragon Boat Festival ?

Dragon Boat Racing 

Dragon Boat Racing is an important activity of the Dragon Boat Festival. It is very popular and important in South China. It should be a kind of sacrificial activity for the ancient Yue people to worship the water god or the dragon god. Its origin may start at the end of primitive society. Dragon Boat Race is a traditional folk water sports entertainment project in China. It has been circulated for more than 2,000 years. Most of it is held at a festive festival and is a multi-person collective paddle competition. History records that Dragon Boat Racing was celebrated in honor of the patriotic poet Qu Yuan. This shows that Dragon Boat Racing is not only a kind of sports and entertainment activities, but also reflects the people's patriotism and collectivism.
dragon boat racing
dragon boat racing

Dragon boat racing is the main custom of the Dragon Boat Festival. Legend has it that in ancient times, the Chu people were reluctant to die, and the Qu Yuan died in the river. Many people rowed to chase and save. They scrambled for fear and found no trace when they went to Dongting Lake. Afterwards, dragon boats are commemorated on May 5 every year. The dragon boat is used to disperse the fish in the river so that the fish do not eat the body of Qu Yuan. The practice of racing is prevalent in Wu, Yue and Chu.
           
 
       In fact, "Dragon Boat Racing" had existed as early as the Warring States Period. The canoe carved into a dragon shape in the sound of drums, as a ferry game to entertain the gods and musicians, is a semi-religious and semi-recreative program in rituals.

       Later, in addition to commemorating Qu Yuan, dragon boat racing also paid different meanings to people everywhere.

       The dragon boat races in Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces also commemorate the significance of the local female modern revolutionary revolutionist Qiu Jin. Night Dragon Boats, Lights, Colours, Dressing,Shuttle, underwater, moving scenes, unique taste. The Miao people of Guizhou held the “Dragon Boat Festival 2018” on Monday 18th June in the lunar calendar to celebrate the planting victory and wishing the grain harvest. The compatriots of the Yunnan Dai nationality race in the Songkran Festival to commemorate the ancient hero Yan Hong Wo. Different nationalities and different regions have different legends. Until today, in the areas of the rivers, lakes, and seas in the south, the Dragon Boat Race with its own characteristics will be held every year.

       Twenty-nine years of Qing Emperor Qianlong (1736), Taiwan began to hold a dragon boat race. At that time, Jiang Yuanjun, the prefect of Taiwan, had hosted a friendly match at the Half Moon Pond at Fahua Temple in Tainan City. Taiwan now holds a dragon boat race on May 5 every year. In Hong Kong, there are also races.

dragon boat race
dragon boat race

In addition, dragon boats have also been introduced into neighboring countries such as Japan, Vietnam and the United Kingdom. In 1980, Dragon Boat Racing was included in the China National Sports Competition and held the "Qu Yuan Cup" Dragon Boat Race each year. On June 16, 1991 (the fifth day of the fifth lunar month), the first International Dragon Boat Festival was held in Yueyang City, Hunan Province, the second hometown of Qu Yuan. Prior to the race, a "faucet festival" was held that preserved traditional rituals and infused new modern elements. "Leader" was carried into Quzi Temple, and after the athlete gave the leader the "Red" (red belt), the ancestors read the confession and "light" (ie, clear) the leader. Then, all the personnel who participated in the sacrifice of the dragon were sent to the dragon boat race. As many as 600,000 people participated in the competition, trade fair and party activities, which is unprecedented. Afterwards, Hunan regularly holds the International Dragon Boat Festival.
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Dragon Boat Festival [Official Website]

Introduction : Dragon Boat Festival [Official Website]

The fifth lunar month of the fifth lunar month is a traditional folk festival of China - the Dragon Boat Festival. It is one of the ancient traditional festivals of the Chinese nation. Duanwu also known as the end of five, Duanyang. In addition, the Dragon Boat Festival also has many other names, such as: Midday Festival, weigh five, May Festival, Bathing Lantern Festival, Daughter's Day, Day of the Mid-Autumn Festival, Earth La, Poet Day, Dragon Day and so on. Although the names are different, on the whole, the customs of the people around the country are still different.

dragon boat festival
dragon boat festival
Over the Dragon Boat Festival, is the traditional habit of the Chinese people for more than 2,000 years. Due to its vast geographical area, numerous nationalities, and many stories and legends, it has not only produced many different festival names, but also has different customs everywhere. The main contents are: daughter back to her parents' home, hanging bells like a statue, welcome ghost ships, escape the afternoon, sign post breaks, hang calamus, wormwood, travel sick, sachet, prepared for safaris, dragon boat racing, contest, batting Swinging, giving children a realgar, drinking realgar wine, sirup wine, eating five poisonous cakes, salted eggs, medlars and seasonal fresh fruits, etc., except for the disappearance of activities with superstitious colors, the rest have so far spread to all parts of China and neighboring countries. Some activities, such as dragon boat racing, have achieved new developments, breaking through time and geographical boundaries and becoming international sports events.
                 

There are many arguments about the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival, such as: commemorating Qu Yuan, commemorating Wu Zixuan, commemorating Cao Yu, beginning with the three-generation Summer Solstice Festival, evil days repelling evil days, and Wu Yue’s national totem sacrifice. Each of the above said, its own source. According to scholars Wen Yiduo's "Dragon Boat Exam" and "The Dragon Boat Festival History Education" listed more than a hundred ancient records and expert archaeological research, the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival is a festival of totem sacrifices held by Wu and Yue peoples in the ancient South of China, earlier than Qu Yuan. . However, for thousands of years, Qu Yuan’s patriotism and touching poetry have been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. Therefore, people “cherish and mourn for the past and use the word to tell the truth.” Therefore, to commemorate the theory of Qu Yuan, the most influential, Occupy the mainstream. In the field of folk culture, the Chinese people linked the dragon boat race on Dragon Boat Festival and eating dumplings to the memorial of Qu Yuan.

Dragon Boat Festival Customs


The Dragon Boat Festival in China is more grand and the celebration activities are also varied. The more common activities are the following:



  Dragon Boat Race:




Dragon boat racing is the main custom of the Dragon Boat Festival. Legend has it that in ancient times, the Chu people were reluctant to die, and the Qu Yuan died in the river. Many people rowed to chase and save. They scrambled for fear and found no trace when they went to Dongting Lake. Afterwards, dragon boats are commemorated on May 5 every year. The dragon boat is used to disperse the fish in the river so that the fish do not eat the body of Qu Yuan. The practice of racing is prevalent in Wu, Yue and Chu.



In fact, "Dragon Boat Race" had existed as early as the Warring States Period. The canoe carved into a dragon shape in the sound of drums, as a ferry game to entertain the gods and musicians, is a semi-religious and semi-recreative program in rituals.


Later, in addition to commemorating Qu Yuan, dragon boat racing also paid different meanings to people everywhere.

The dragon boat races in Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces also commemorate the significance of the local female modern revolutionary revolutionist Qiu Jin. On the Dragon Boat, the lanterns and lanterns are colored, and the shuttle moves between the water and the water. The scene is moving and has unique taste. The Miao people of Guizhou held the “Dragon Boat Festival” on May 25 to 28 in the lunar calendar to celebrate the planting victory and wishing the grain harvest. The compatriots of the Yunnan Dai nationality race in the Songkran Festival to commemorate the ancient hero Yan Hong Wo. Different nationalities and different regions have different legends. Until today, in the areas of the rivers, lakes, and seas in the south, the Dragon Boat Race with its own characteristics will be held every year.
dragon boat racing
Dragon Boat Racing

Twenty-nine years of Qing Emperor Qianlong (1736), Taiwan began to hold a dragon boat race. At that time, Jiang Yuanjun, the prefect of Taiwan, had hosted a friendly match at the Half Moon Pond at Fahua Temple in Tainan City. Taiwan now holds a dragon boat race on May 5 every year. In Hong Kong, there are also races.
In addition, dragon boats have also been introduced into neighbouring countries such as Japan, Vietnam and the United Kingdom. In 1980, the Dragon Boat Race was included in the China National Sports Competition, and the "Qu Yuan Cup" Dragon Boat Race was held every year. On June 16, 1991 (the fifth day of the fifth lunar month), the first International Dragon Boat Festival was held in Yueyang City, Hunan Province, the second hometown of Qu Yuan. Prior to the competition, a "Faucet Festival" was held, which preserved traditional rituals and infused new modern elements. The “leader” was brought into the songzi Temple. After the athlete gave the leader “red” (red band), the ancestors read the confession and “light” (ie, clear) leadership. Then, all those who participated in the sacrifice of the dragon were sent to the dragon boat race. As many as 600,000 people participated in competitions, trade fairs and party activities. This is unprecedented. After that, Hunan regularly holds the International Dragon Boat Festival. Dragon boat races will spread around the world.


Dragon Boat Restaurant




Dragon Boat Festival to eat dumplings, this is another traditional practice of the Chinese people. The crickets are also called "horns" and "tubes." It has a long history and many kinds of tricks.



According to records, as early as the Spring and Autumn Period, the use of medlar leaves (Sui Baiye) wrapped glutinous rice into a horn-like, called "horn rake"; sealed with bamboo rice cooked baked, called "tube 粽." In the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty, glutinous rice was soaked in grey water of vegetation. Because of the alkali in the water, the glutinous rice dumplings were packed into squares with glutinous rice and cooked to make it become alkaline alfalfa in Guangdong.



  Jin Dynasty, dumplings were officially designated as the Dragon Boat Festival food. At this time, in addition to glutinous rice, the raw materials for the dumplings were also added with Chinese medicines, and the cooked dumplings were called "Zhiqi." At the time of the Zhou Dynasty, "Yueyang Fengjiji" recorded: "Vulgar leaves are wrapped with glutinous rice, ... ... cook it, and combine it thoroughly. From May 5th to the summer solstice, there is a beggar and a beggar." During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, Miscellaneous. Rice is rich in poultry, chestnut, red dates, and red beans. Zongzi also serves as a gift for engagement.
By the Tang Dynasty, the use of rice for rice dumplings was “white and jadey”, and its shape appeared to be conical and diamond-shaped. In Japanese literature, there is a record of "Datang Scorpion." In the Song Dynasty, there was already a "preserved fruit," that is, fruit was introduced into the pot. The poet Su Dongpo has a poem "When Yu Yu Meets Yang Mei". At this time, there were also advertisements made of dumplings, towers, pavilions and horses and horses, indicating that it was fashionable to eat rice dumplings in the Song Dynasty. During the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, the dumplings of Zongzi had been transformed from loquat leaves to loquat leaves, and later appeared reeds wrapped in reed leaves. Appearances of bean paste, pork, pine nuts, dates, walnuts, etc. had appeared in the additive, and the varieties were more colorful.

Until today, every year in early May, Chinese families are required to dip glutinous rice, wash leaves, and wrap rice dumplings. Judging from the fillings, the northern jujube contains many jujubes of Beijing jujube; in the south, there are various fillings such as red bean paste, fresh meat, ham, and egg yolk. Among them, Jiaxing wolfberry in Zhejiang is the representative. The customs of eating dumplings have been flourishing in China for thousands of years and have spread to North Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asian countries.

Sachets:


Dragon Boat Festival children admire sachets, it is said that there is a sense of evil drive, it is actually used to decorate the skull. Inside the sachet there are cinnabar, realgar, and fragrant medicines, which are covered with silk cloth and overflowing with fragrant fragrance. Then they are buckled with five-color silk strings to make a variety of shapes to form a series of various shapes and exquisite and lovely.

Suisan Leaf


The ballad said: "Chen Ming Qing Liu, Dragon Boat Festival insert Ai." During the Dragon Boat Festival, people used Ai and Changpu as one of the important contents. Every family sweeps away the courts, inserts irises and moxa sticks in the eyebrows, and hangs them in the church. And use calamus, leaves, flowers, garlic, garlic, dragon boat flowers, made of human or tiger-shaped, known as Ai Ren, Ai Hu; made of garlands, accessories, beautiful fragrance, women dressed in scrambling to drive pipa.

Ai, also known as Ai, Artemisia. Its stems and leaves contain volatile aromatic oils. The fragrant aroma it produces can drive mosquitoes, flies and ants, and purify the air. Chinese medicine uses Alzheimer's medicine to regulate blood, warm the uterus, and eliminate cold and dampness. The processing of wormwood into "moxa" is an important medicinal material for moxibustion.

Calanus calamus is a perennial aquatic herb. Its narrow and long leaves also contain volatile aromatic oils. It is a medicine that refreshes the body, eliminates bones, and kills insects.

It can be seen that the ancients inserted Ai and Acorus calamus had certain disease-preventing effects. The Dragon Boat Festival is also a “Health Festival” that has been handed down from ancient times. On this day, people sweep the courtyard, hang Ai Zhi, hang Changpu, sprinkle Xiong Huangshui, drink yangxiong wine, extinguish turbidity, sterilize and prevent diseases. These activities also reflect the fine traditions of the Chinese nation. The Dragon Boat Festival is a common custom for all ethnic groups in our country.

Dragon Boat Festival Poetry Selection

Midday

(Tang) Wen Xiu
In the section of the Dragon Boat Festival, the rumors are Qu Yuan;
The ridiculous Chu Jiang is empty and cannot be washed straight.

Seven Rules. Dragon Boat Festival

(Tang) Yin Zhen

Juvenile times are more passionate, and old people who know and feel generously;
Ai fu trend is not custom, but pray for the sake of wine.
Cocoon adds whiteheads every day, and garnet takes care of eyes every year.
Thousands of people were ignorant and stupid, and several people did not name themselves.

Race song (excerpt)

(Tang) Zhang Jianfeng

On May 5th, Tian Qingming, Yang Hua, and Jiang Xiaoying;
The king did not get out of the county and fast, and he heard the sound of harmony on the river.
The monarchs were all allowed to go out, and the horse was led by the red flag.
The two sides of the Taiwan Strait wore wild incense and the silver halberd was like a frost blade;
The red flag kicked off and the two dragons jumped out of the water.
棹 斡 斡 飞 飞 飞 飞 飞 飞 飞 斡 , , , , , ,
The sound of drums is approaching rapidly, and the two dragons look at the target.
The people on the slope shouted, and the rainbow hanging halo halo;
Before the ship grabs the water, it has won the bid.

The door of the order. Duan Yang

(Qing) Li Jingshan

Cherry mulberry and calamus, but also buy a pot of yellow wine.
Yellow paper posts hanging outside the door, but doubts feared the charm.

Seven Laws. Dragon Boat Festival

Old home

The Dragon Boat Festival was mad with wind and rain, and the village children still wore old clothes;
Invited to bring love, dare to mud deep love cottage;
When customers have the same feelings, they will have no money to buy wine and sell articles;
This year will be three feet fish, not like the current flavor of beans.
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Mid-Autumn Festival or Moon Festival

Moon Festival or Mid-Autumn Festival Introduction

The annual lunar calendar on August 15 is the traditional Mid-Autumn Festival or Moon festival.This is the mid-autumn year, so it is also called the Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Chinese lunar calendar, one year is divided into four seasons. Each season is divided into three parts: Meng, Zhong, and Ji. Therefore, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also called Zhong Qiu. The moon of August 15 is more round and brighter than the full moon of other months, so it is also called "Month of the Moon" and "August Day." This night, people look up at the bright moon in the sky like a jade dish, and naturally they will look forward to family reunion. Travelers far away in the country also used their dedication to their hometown and their loved ones. Therefore, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also known as the "Reunion Day."

Mid-Autumn Festival
Mid-Autumn Festival

In the ancient times, our country’s people had the custom of “Autumn in the Autumn Moon”. In the evening, worship the moon god. In the Zhou Dynasty, the cold and the moon were held on every Mid-Autumn night. Set a large incense case, put on moon cakes, watermelons, apples, dates, plums, grapes and other offerings, including moon cakes and watermelon is absolutely not less. The watermelon must be cut into a lotus shape. Under the moon, the moon god is placed in the direction of the moon. The red candle is burning, and the whole family pays homage to the moon. Then the housewife cuts the moon cake. The people who cut in advance counted the number of people in the family. Both at home and abroad were counted together. They could not be cut or cut, and they should be the same size.

According to legend, the ancient Qi Kingdom ugly woman had no salt, when he was young, he worshipped the moon, and when he grew up, he entered the palace with his excellent character, but he was not fortunate enough. On August 15th of the year, the emperor saw her in the moonlight and felt that she was beautiful and outstanding. She later established her as a queen and the Mid-Autumn Festival took her to the moon. In the middle of the month, it is famous for its beauty. Therefore, the young girl pays homage to the moon.


In the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival was very popular. In the Northern Song Dynasty. On the fifteenth night of August, the people of Mancheng, regardless of whether the rich or the poor are old or young, must wear adult clothes, burn incense and worship the moon to express their wishes, and pray for the blessing of the Moon God. In the Southern Song Dynasty, people donated moon cakes and used the righteousness of reunion. In some places, there are dancing dragons, pagodas and other activities. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the custom of the Mid-Autumn Festival has become more prevalent; many places have formed special customs such as burning incense, Mid-Autumn Festival, tower lights, sky lantern festival, moonwalks, and dragon dances.

Today, the customs of playing on the lower reaches of the month are far from being popular in the old days. However, feasting on moonlight is still very popular. People ask the moon for wine and celebrate a good life, or wish their distant relatives a healthy and happy life.
             
The Mid-Autumn Festival has a lot of customs and forms that are different from each other, but they all entrust people with an infinite love for life and longing for a better life.

Origin and Legend of Mid Autumn Festival or Moon Festival


Moon Festival
Moon Festival
The Mid-Autumn Festival also called Moon Festival has a long history. Like other traditional festivals, it is also gradually developed. The ancient emperors have spring festivals and fall ceremonies. As early as in Zhou Li, the term “Mid-Autumn Festival” already exists. The record. Later, the aristocrats and literary bachelors also followed suit. In the Mid-Autumn Festival, they turned bright and round in the sky to watch the worship and cherish feelings. This custom then spread to the people and formed a traditional activity until the Tang Dynasty. This kind of ritual moon pays more attention to people's attention. The Mid-Autumn Festival has become a fixed holiday. The Tang Book of Tai Zong recorded “August 15 Mid-Autumn Festival”. This festival prevailed in the Song Dynasty, and it was already in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Equipped with New Year's Day, it became one of the major festivals in China.

The legends of the Mid-Autumn Festival are very rich. The legends of jade rabbits and pharmacists spread very widely.

One of the legends of the Mid-Autumn Festival - the Moon Festival

According to legend, in ancient times, there were ten days in the sky at the same time. The crop was dying and the people were left to die. A hero named Houyi was tremendous. He sympathized with the suffering people, climbed to the top of the Kunlun Mountains, and exercised his power to open the bow of God. An air shot fired more than nine suns, and ordered the last sun to land on time to benefit the people. After that, Hou Yi was respected and loved by the people. Afterwards, he married a beautiful and kind wife, named Yao. In addition to the arts and crafts hunt, he stayed with his wife all day long and people were envious of the couple's love.

Many people with lofty ideals came to study and learn, and Ponmont, who had bad intentions, also mixed in. One day, after seeing the way to the Kunlun Mountains, the Queen's mother-in-law, who happened to meet the Queen Mother, then obtained a package of immortality from her mother. It is said that taking this medicine can instantly become heavenly. However, Hou Xi was reluctant to leave his wife, but he had to temporarily hand over the undead drug to his collection. He buried the medicine in the treasure chest of the dresser, only to be seen by the villain Pang Meng. Three days later, the prostitutes led the congregation to go out to hunt, and Phoemon, who was wicked, pretended to be sick and stayed. Shortly after the crowds had left, Peng Meng took a sword and broke into the backyard of his home, intimidating him to surrender his immortality. He knew that he was not an opponent of Pong Meng. When she was in a critical situation, she made a decisive decision and turned to open the treasure, swallowing the immortal drug and swallowing it. He swallowed the medicine and immediately flew out of the ground and out of the window and flew toward the sky. Due to her husband's concern, she flies to the moon closest to the human world.



In the evening, Houyi returned home and the maids cried about what happened during the day. After being frightened and angered, Hou Yi plucked his sword to kill the sinister. Peng Meng escaped early. After being stunned, he grimaced and grief-stricken. He looked up at the night sky and called for his wife's name. Then he was amazed to discover that the moon is so special today. Bright and bright, and there is a shaky figure that resembles a jealousy. He tried desperately to chase the moon, but he followed three steps and the moon retreated three steps. He stepped back three steps and the moon took three steps. After he was helpless and thought of his wife, he had to send someone to his favorite back garden to put on a fragrant case and put on her favorite fresh honey and fresh fruit. After the people had heard about the news that the moon had become immortal, they set up a fragrant case under the moon to pray for good fortune and peace to the beggars.



Since then, the customs of the Moon Festival on the Mid-Autumn Festival have spread among the people.

The Mid-Autumn Legends - Wu Gang

There is also a legend about the Mid-Autumn Festival: It is said that the laurel trees in front of the Moon Palace on the Moon grow and flourish. There are more than 500 feet in height, and one of them often cuts it down, but each time it is cut down, the cut places are immediately Collapsed. For thousands of years, it has been cutting and joining. This laurel tree can never be cut off. It is said that the name of the person who cut down the tree was Wu Gang, who was a Xi River in the Han Dynasty. He had followed the fairy monk to the heavenly realm, but he made a mistake, and the immortals relegated him to the moon palace, doing such futile workmanship every day to show punishment. . In Li Bai's poems, there is a record of “a long-cherished month and a long-lasting time for Guilin and a salary for the cold”.



Legend of the Mid-Autumn Festival - Zhu Yuanzhang and Mooncake Uprising

Moon cakes were handed down on the Mid-Autumn Festival and began in the Yuan Dynasty. At that time, the majority of people in the Central Plains could not withstand the ruthless rule of the ruling class of the Yuan Dynasty, and they all rebelled against the Yuan. Zhu Yuanzhang united with the various forces to prepare for the uprising. However, the officers and soldiers in the court searched closely and it was very difficult to pass the news. The military adviser Liu Bowen came up with a plan and ordered his subordinates to hide the “August 15th Night Uprising” note inside the crumbs and send them separately to the rebel forces around the country to inform them of the uprising response on the night of August 15th. . On the day of the uprising, all the rebel forces responded and the rebel army was starring. Soon, Xu Da attacked the capital city and the rebellion succeeded. The news came that Zhu Yuanzhang was so happy that he quickly passed down his oral dictatorship. In the forthcoming Mid-Autumn Festival, all soldiers and civilians were happily accompanied by the people. The “moon cake” that secretly transmitted information when he started his military service was rewarded as a minister. Since then, the production of "moon cakes" has become more sophisticated and the varieties have become more popular. The custom of eating moon cakes in the Mid-Autumn Festival will spread in the folk.


Mid-Autumn Festival or Moon Festival customs

On Mid-Autumn Festival, people’s most important activities are watching the moon and eating moon cakes.

Watching the moon


On the Mid-Autumn Festival, China has had the custom of watching the moon since ancient times. In the Book of Rites, there is a record of “Autumn in the Autumn Moon”, which is to worship the Moon God. In the Zhou Dynasty, the cold and the moon were held on every Mid-Autumn night. Set a large incense case and put on seasonal fruits such as moon cakes, watermelons, apples, plums, grapes, moon cakes and watermelons. The watermelon must be cut into a lotus shape.

In the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival was very popular. In the Song Dynasty, the style of the Mid-Autumn Festival was more prosperous. According to "Tokyo Dream Hualu," it was recorded that "on the Mid-Autumn Festival, your family end up decorating the Taiwan Strait, and the people vie for the restaurant to play the month." On this day, all the shops and restaurants of the capital must be re-decorated, silk hangings on the archway, fresh fruit and refined foods are sold, and the night market is very lively. People often climb up the stairs, and some rich families live on their own terraces. Watching the moon on the pavilion and putting on food or arranging a feast to reunite the children and enjoy a full moon talk.

After the Ming and Qing dynasties, the customs of the moon in the Mid-Autumn Festival remained the same. In many places, special customs such as burning incense, Mid-Autumn Festival, tower lights, sky lanterns, moon walking, and dragon dancing were formed.


Eat moon cakes

China’s urban and rural people have the habit of eating moon cakes during the Mid-Autumn Festival. The common saying goes: “August is a round in August and the moon cakes are sweet and sweet”. The moon cake was originally used to worship the offerings of the moon god. The word “moon cake” was first seen in the “Menglianglu” by Wu Zimu of the Southern Song Dynasty. At that time, it was just a pie-shaped food like a flower cake. Later, people gradually combined the Mid-Autumn moon-monkey with the moon cake to symbolize the symbol of family reunion.

Moon cakes were first produced in the family. Qing Yuanmei recorded the practice of mooncakes in the "Guanyuan Food List." In modern times, with the moon cake production workshop, the production of moon cakes has become more and more sophisticated. The fillings are elegant and the appearance is beautiful. There are also a variety of beautiful designs printed on the outside of the moon cakes, such as "Ye Yue Wan Yue" and "The Milky Way." Night Moon, Three Moons, etc. With the reunion of the Territory of the Moon, the moon cakes are used to meet the needs of their loved ones, wishing for good harvest and happiness. They have become the wish of people in the world. The moon cakes are also used as gifts to send gifts. Friends, contact feelings.

Other Mid-Autumn Festival customs


China has a vast geographical area, a large population, and different customs. The Mid-Autumn Festival has a variety of ways to go with it, and has strong local characteristics.

In Pucheng, Fujian, the woman had to walk through the Nanpu Bridge during the Mid-Autumn Festival to seek longevity. In Jianning, the Mid-Autumn Festival to hang lights for the son of the moon auspices. People in Shanghang County passed the Mid-Autumn Festival, and their sons and daughters invited Yuefu when they were on the moon. When Longyan people eat moon cakes, parents will dig out round- or two-inch round cakes for consumption by elders in the middle of the country. This means that secrets cannot be known to younger generations. This custom is derived from the legend that there are anti-elemental messages in moon cakes. The Golden Gate worships the God of Heaven before the moonlight.

There are customs in Mid-Autumn Festival or Moon Festival in Yueshan, Guangdong, which are mainly women and children. There are common customs that “male is not full moon, and women are not sacrificed”. At night, when the lunar month starts to rise, women will set up an empty prayer in the courtyard and on the balcony. The silver candle burned high, the cigarettes lingered, and the table was full of good fruit and cakes as a ritual. There is also a local habit of eating steamed buns during the Mid-Autumn Festival. There are common customs in Chaoshan: “River Creek faces the mouth, and the clams eat it”. In August, it was the harvest season in which the peasants were accustomed to worshiping their ancestors with taro. This is of course related to farming, but there is also a folk legend that spreads widely: In 1279, the Mongolian aristocracy destroyed the Southern Song Dynasty, established the Yuan Dynasty, and subjected the Han people to cruel rule. Mafa was defended by Chaozhou Yuanyuan. After the city was broken, the people were slaughtered. In order not to forget the hardships of the reign of the Hu people, later generations took the gimmick and the “Hutou” in homonym and resembled the human head in order to commemorate their ancestors and pass it down from generation to generation. It still exists today.

The burning of towers on Mid-Autumn nights is also very popular in some places. The towers are 1-3 meters tall. They are mostly made of broken tiles. The big towers are also made of bricks, occupying about 1/4 of the height of the towers. Tower mouth for fuel use. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, it was ignited and burned. Fuel was wood, bamboo, and husks. When the fire prospered, rosin powder was splashed and the flames were cheered. It was spectacular. There is also a folk burning tower regulation. Whoever burns the tower is full of victory, while the lesser or those who collapsed in the burning process are negative. The winner is sent to the flags, prizes or prizes by the host. It is said that the burning tower was also the end of the Yuan dynasty. The Han people rebelled against the rulers of brutality and brought up the cause of the fire during the Mid-Autumn Revolt.

The folk customs of the Jiangnan area are also various in the Mid-Autumn Festival. Nanjing people love to eat moon cakes during the Mid-Autumn Festival, they must eat Jinling famous osmanthus duck. "Osmanthus osmanthus duck" should be in the city when Guizi fragrance, fat but not greasy, delicious and delicious. After drinking, you must eat a small sugar crumb, poured with cinnamon, the United States is not to say. "Gui Gui" was named after Qu Yuan's "Songs of the South and Shao Shi's Life" and "aid to the north to shut down the discretion of the Gui Pu." Gui Pu, a sugar osmanthus, picked before and after the Mid-Autumn Festival, preserved with sugar and plum. Jiangnan women's clever hand, the poetry of the stolen goods, into table dishes. Nanjing people enjoy viewing the moon as the "King Tuan Yuan". The group sits on a poly drink and calls it "the full moon". The tourist market says "walking the moon."
At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, Nanjing had a moonrise and a moon bridge, and the Qing Dynasty Lions Hill built Chaoyue Tower. All were for viewing the moon, and those who played the moon bridge were the most. When people hang on the moon, they go together to watch the moonrise and play on the moon bridge. “Playing Moon Bridge” is located in the Qinhuai River in the Confucius Temple. The bridge is surrounded by the famous Ma Xianglan House. This evening, the scholars gathered at the bridgehead to sing and sing. They reminisce on the month of the ox and play on the moon. They call this bridge the Bridge of the Moon. . After the Ming Dynasty died, it gradually declined, and later generations had poems to read: "The Merry Southern Song has been sold in smoke, and the West Wind Long Banqiao has been left, but it is remembered sitting on the Jade Bridge, and the moonlight is relatively bragging." Long Banqiao, the original play Moon Bridge. In recent years, the Confucius Temple in Nanjing has been renovated to restore some of the pavilions in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and to dredge the rivers. When the Mid-Autumn Festival begins, they can enjoy the pleasures of the area.

Wuxi County, Jiangsu Province, China's Mid-Autumn Festival will be burning pot-shaped incense. The enamel bowl is covered with gauze curtains and it features a view of the moon palace. There are also fragrant buckets made with incense, with Kuixing paper and colored flags. Shanghai's Mid-Autumn feast is savory with Osmanthus honey wine.

In the evening of Mid-Autumn Festival in Ji'an County, Jiangxi Province, straw was used to burn pots and jars in each village. After the jar burns red, put in vinegar again. At this time, there will be fragrance throughout the village. During the Mid-Autumn Festival in Xincheng County, grass lamps were suspended from August 11 until August 17.

In Anhui Province Wuyuan Mid-Autumn Festival, children piled a hollow pagoda with bricks and tiles. Hanging on the tower with decorations and other decorations, a table was placed in front of the tower to display a variety of apparatus dedicated to the “tower god”. At night, both inside and outside are lighted. Jixi Mid-Autumn Festival children playing Mid-Autumn cannon. The Mid-Autumn Artillery Barrels are made of straw, and they are soaked in water, then they are picked up and attacked on the rocks, making a loud noise and a whirlwind dragon. The dragon is a dragon that is called grass and has a scented column. When there is a dragon in the game, there is a drum team and they travel to each village and send it to the river.

        

In addition to eating moon cakes, people in Sichuan Province had to fight crickets, kill ducks, eat sesame cakes, and honey cakes. Some places also have an orange lamp hanging over the door to celebrate. There are also children in the grapefruit fragrance, dancing along the street, called the "dancing star ball." The Mid-Autumn Festival in Jiading County is a festival of worshipping land gods, playing dramas, vocal music, and cultural relics. It is called "watching."

In the north, the farmer of Qingyun County in Shandong Province worships the God of Earth Valley on August 15th, which is called “Qingmiao Society”. Zhucheng, Lincang, and Jimo, etc., in addition to offering sacrifices to the moon, also have to pay graves to worship their ancestors. Landlords in Guan County, Laiyang, Guangrao, and Post City also hosted a house dinner on Mid-Autumn Festival. Jimo Mid-Autumn Festival to eat a food festival called "Mc". Diane, Shanxi Province hosted a banquet for the women on Mid-Autumn Festival. Datong County refers to moon cakes as reunion cakes and has a vigil on Mid-Autumn night. The

Wanquan County of Hebei Province called the Mid-Autumn Festival “Little New Year’s Day”. On the moonlight paper, there were Lunar Xing Jun and Guan Di’s night reading spring and autumn images. Hejian County people think that the Mid-Autumn rain is bitter rain, if the Mid-Autumn Festival is raining, the local people think that vegetables must taste bad.

In Xixiang County, Shaanxi Province, the men went boating on the Mid-Autumn night and the women arranged a feast. Regardless of whether you are rich or poor, you must eat watermelon. During the Mid-Autumn Festival, there are drummers who blow drums along the door to reward the money. Luo Chuan County Mid-Autumn Festival Parents Students bring gifts to Mr. Bahai. Lunch is more than school lunches.

Some places have also formed a number of special Mid-Autumn customs. In addition to moon-watching, moon-sacrifice, and moon cakes, there are Hong Kong's Wuhu Dragons, Anhui's pagodas, Guangzhou's Tree Mid-Autumn Festival, Jinjiang's burning towers, Suzhou Shihu's moons, Dai Waiyas, and Miao's jumping moons. , the Yi people steal the moon dishes, Gaoshan people's care ball dance and so on.

Mid-autumn Festival or Moon Festival Poetry Selection

Mid-Autumn Festival or Moon Festival

(Don) Li Pu
When the empty mirror rises, the clouds between the clouds are silent;
Equally full round, long with a thousand miles;
Rex rabbits fall from the strings, and the enchantress rests to the eye;
Spirituality plans to join hands together, even to the Galaxy completely clear.

"August 15th Night Play Moon"

(Tang) Liu Yuxi
Day and night, wash again.
Summer back nine nets, Jingqing Jingqing.
The stars let glory, and the wind is shining.
Can become a worldly person, like Yu Jing.

"Water Melody"

(Song) Su Dongpo
Bingchen Mid-Autumn Festival enjoys drinking. Drunken, make this article, and both husband and wife.

When does the moon have? Ask the wine for the blue sky.
I do not know the palace of heaven, what year is it?
I want to go back with the wind, and I fear Qionglou Yuyu.
The heights are overwhelming! Dancing clear shadow, like in the world?
Turn Zhuge, low house, do not sleep.
There should be no hate. What time does it take?
There are sorrows and joys and sorrows, and there is a lack of moon and shade in the moon.
Nung, moon and new moon.


Mid-Autumn Moon

(Song) Su Shi
Jin Yun received all the cold, Yinhan silently turned to the jade disk,
This is not a good night for this life, where the moon will look next year.

Too often cited

(Song) Xin Qiji
A round of autumn video turns gold waves, flying mirror re-grinding.
Ask the wine to ask: being bullied by white hair!
Take the wind and go to the sky,
Look straight down at the mountain river. I went to Guangxi. Humanity is more clear light.


Taiwanese folks:

"Mid Autumn Festival"
Solitary film to see geese, daughters read crickets; hometown Qiu Yiyue, exotic shock tide.
The hand did not climb the osmanthus, with jujuyuan marginal bananas;

Moonlight Homesickness

The star is chilly and chilly and the Galaxy is silent.
Where Guanshan is home to thousands of miles, and there are many visitors to visit at night.


"torment"

The night is deep, the moon is hanging high in the middle of the sky, silent; sleepy,
If the dream is in a state, the lying one is uneasy, so the national garden is in the head;
Distressed, return to the empty, such as burning king.

SignificanceCelebrates the end of the autumn harvest
Date15th day of the 8th lunar month

Date of Mid-Autumn Festival or Moon Festival 2018

Monday
,
24 September
Mid-Autumn Festival 2018
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Dragon Boat Festival in China


Dragon Boat Festival in China Origin and Legend

The Dragon Boat Festival is an ancient traditional festival that began in the Spring, Autumn and Warring States period in China. It has been more than 2,000 years old. The origin and legend of the Dragon Boat Festival are many. Here are only the following four:
Legend of Dragon Boat Festival
Legend of Dragon Boat Festival


Originated from commemorating Qu Yuan

According to "Historical Records", "Qu Yuan Jia Sheng Biography" records, Qu Yuan, is the Minister of Chu Huai Wang in the Spring and Autumn Period. He advocated the ability to promote talents, rich countries and strong soldiers, and advocated joining forces against the Qin. He was met with strong opposition from nobles such as Zilan. Qu Yuan was reeled from his post and was expelled from the capital and exiled to the Yi and Xiang Rivers. In his exile, he wrote immortal poems such as "Lisao", "Heaven" and "Nine Songs" that worried about the country and the people. It has unique style and profound influence (thus, the Dragon Boat Festival is also called Poet's Day). In 278 B.C., the Qin Army conquered the capital of Chu. Qu Yuan saw his country’s invasion of the motherland as heartbroken, but he could not bear to abandon his country. On May 5th, after writing the best book “Huai Sha”, the bouldering stone was cast and killed by Luo Jiang to his own life. Wrote a magnificent patriotic movement.
        

Legend has it that after the death of Qu Yuan, the people of Chu were sorrowful that they flocked to the Jurassic River to pay homage to Qu Yuan. The fishermen rowed their boats and salvaged his real body on the river. One fisherman took out rice balls, eggs and other food prepared for Qu Yuan, and threw them into the river in a “flop, splash” place. He said that if the lobster crabs were eaten, they would not bite the doctor's body. After people saw it, they followed suit. An old doctor took an altar of yellow wine and poured it into the river. He said that the medicine should be used to faint the dragon, so as not to harm Dr. Qu. Later, for the fear that rice balls were eaten by the dragons, people came up with eucalyptus leaves wrapped in rice, wrapped in colored silk, and developed into browns.

Later, in the fifth and fifth of May every year, there will be dragon boat racing, eating rice dumplings and drinking yellow wine, in order to commemorate the patriotic poet Qu Yuan.

Originated from the memorial of Wu Ziqi

The second legend of the Dragon Boat Festival was widely spread in Jiangsu and Zhejiang. It was Wu Zixuan who commemorated the Spring and Autumn period (770 BC - 476 BC). Wu Zizhao, Chu, and his father and brother were killed by the king. Later, he abandoned the dark cast and went to Wu to help Wu Chuchu. He entered the Chudu city in five battles. At that time, the king of Chuping was dead, and the son excavated the grave and destroyed 300 dead bodies to kill his father and brother. After King Wu’s death, his son-in-law was succeeded. Wu Jun’s morale was high, his battles were victorious, his country’s defeat was great, Yue Wang’s practice practiced with him, and his husband’s difference promised him. Zizi suggested that the country should be eliminated completely, the husband’s poor did not listen, the Wu country was slaughtered, and the country’s bribery was cheated. The rumors were plunged into misfortunes. The son is Zhongliang, who looks dead and says to the neighbors before he dies: "After my death, I dig my eyes and hang them on the eastern gate of Wu Jing to see the troops of the Vietnamese troops entering the city and destroy Wu." Then I die and die. The fury was heard and the body of the child was taken into leather and put into the river on May 5th. Therefore, it is said that the Dragon Boat Festival is also to commemorate the day of Wu Zikai.

Originated from commemorating filial piety Cao Yu

The third legend of the Dragon Boat Festival is to commemorate the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 23--220) and the filial daughter Cao Yu saved the father and cast the river. Cao Yong was a captain of the Eastern Han Dynasty. His father was squatting in the middle of the river and had not seen the body for several days. At that time, the filial daughter Cao Yongnian was only 14 years old and was crying along the Yangtze River on a day and night. Seventeen days later, Jiang was also voted on May 5 and the father’s body was taken out after five days. This was passed down as a myth, and it was handed down to the governor of the prefecture, which made it a monument and made his disciples sing praises.

Cao Yu's tomb of filial daughter, in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, Cao Yu's monument is said to be Jin Wangyi's book. Later, in order to commemorate Cao Yu’s filial piety, Cao Yumiao was built at the place where Cao Yu made a visit to Jiang. The village she resided in was renamed Cao Yu Town, and Cao Yu’s place was named Cao Yujiang.

From ancient Yue nationality totem festival

The large number of unearthed cultural relics and archeological studies in modern times have confirmed that in the vast area of ​​the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, in the Neolithic Age, there was a cultural relic that was characterized by geometrical printed pottery. The remains of the ethnic group are, according to experts, inferred to be a tribute to the dragon's totem ---- the history of the Baiyue. The ornamentation and historical legends on the unearthed pottery show that they have the custom of cutting off tattoos and living in a water village, which is a descendant of the dragon. Its production tools, a large number of stone tools, shovels, chisels and other small pieces of bronze. As a pottery jar for daily necessities, the imprinted Tao Ding cooking food is unique to them and is one of the symbols of their ethnic groups. Until the Qin and Han dynasties, there were still Baiyue people, and the Dragon Boat Festival was the festival that they founded for ancestor worship. In the thousands of years of historical development, most of the Baiyue people have been integrated into the Han nationality, and the rest have evolved into many ethnic minorities in the south. Therefore, the Dragon Boat Festival has become a festival for the entire Chinese nation.
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Monday, 2 April 2018

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Dragon Boat Festival 2018

Dragon Boat Racing a tradition that observed annually over 2,000 years in China.
Dragon Boat Festival 2018 falls on June 18 (Monday). The holiday in China starts from June 16 to 18, 2018. Happy Dragon Boat Festival...Everyone :)

Welcome to Dragon Boat Festival 2018 

Quick Facts about Dragon Boat Festival: also called Duanwu or Tuen Ng Festival, is a traditional holiday observed annually over 2,000 years in China to commemorate Qu Yuan (340-278 BC), an ancient Chinese patriotic poet. Originated from south China, Dragon Boat Festival enjoys higher popularity in southern areas, such as Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Guangdong and Fujian Provinces.

The Dragon Boat Festival, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, has had a history of more than 2,000 years. It is usually in June in the Gregorian calendar.

 Dragon Boat Festival - Contents


    1. About Dragon Boat Festival 2018
    2. Origin and History of Dragon Boat Festival
      1. The Legend of Qu Yuan
      2. Names and Tradition of Dragon Boat Festival in Asia
    3. Dragon Boat Festival Holidays
    4. Traditions and Customs of Dragon Boat Festival
      1. Dragon Boat Racing
      2. Zongzi
      3. Realgar Wine
      4. Tying 5-colored silk-threaded braid
      5. Hanging Mugwort Leaves and Calamus
      6. Other Foods related to Dragon Boat Festival
    5. See also


Dragon Boat Festival 2018

The Dragon Boat Festival, also often known, especially in China, as the Duanwu Festival, is a traditional holiday originating in China, occurring near the summer solstice. This Year, we are celebrating Dragon Boat Festival on Monday, June 18, 2018. In mainland China, the Dragon Boat Festival is also known as Zhongxiao Festival, commemorating fealty and filial piety. 

The festival now occurs on the 5th day of the 5th month of the traditional Chinese calendar, which is the source of the festival's alternative name, the Double Fifth Festival. We have to remember that the Chinese calendar is lunisolar, so the date of the festival varies from year to year on the Gregorian calendar. 

In 2018, the Dragon Boat Festival will occur on June 18; and in 2019, on Friday, 7 June.


Calendar of Dragon Boat Festival:



YearDateHoliday
2017May 30May 28 - 30
2018June 18June 16 - 18
2019June 7June 7 - 9
2020June 25June 25 - 27
2021June 14June 12 - 14
2022June 3June 3 - 5

Origin & History of Dragon Boat Chinese Festival 


As we all know, the real highlight of the Dragon Boat Festival in china is the fierce-looking dragon boats racing in a lively, vibrant spectacle. However, there is a long history of Dragon Boat Festival tradition as it communicated through thousands of generations. 

Origin & History of Dragon Boat Festival: Why is the Dragon Boat Festival celebrated? With a history over 2,000 years, it used to be a hygiene day when people would use herbs to dispel diseases and viruses. However, the most popular origin is closely related to the great poet Qu Yuan in the Warring States Period (475 – 221 BC). To engrave his death on the fifth day on the fifth lunar month of chinese calendar, people celebrate the festival in various ways. Great people like Wu Zixu and Cao E also died on the same day, so in certain areas, people also commemorate them during the festival.
Legend of Qu Yuan and the History of Dragon Boat Festival in China

Today, the story best known in China holds that the festival commemorates the death of the poet and minister Qu Yuan (c. 340–278 BC) of the ancient state of Chu during the Warring States period of the Zhou Dynasty. Qu Yuan highly original and imaginative verse had an enormous influence on early Chinese poetry.

Qu Yuan advocated the unpopular policy of resistance to Qin Dynasty (the first dynasty of Imperial China), the most powerful of the Warring States, causing his rival courtiers to intrigue successfully against him. Estranged from the throne through the malice of his rivals, Qu Yuan was banished to the south of the Yangtze River by Huaiwang’s successor, Qingxiangwang.

In despair over his banishment, Qu Yuan wandered about the southern Chu, writing poetry and observing the shamanistic folk rites and legends that greatly influenced his works. He eventually drowned himself in despair in the Miluo River, a tributary of the Yangtze. The Dragon Boat Festival, held on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar year, originated as a search for the poet’s body. During his exile, Qu Yuan wrote a great deal of poetry. Twenty-eight years later, Qin captured Ying, the Chu capital. In despair, Qu Yuan committed suicide by drowning himself in the Miluo River.

It is said that the local people, who admired him, raced out in their boats to save him, or at least retrieve his body. This is said to have been the origin of dragon boat races. When his body could not be found, they dropped balls of sticky rice into the river so that the fish would eat them instead of Qu Yuan's body. This is said to be the origin of Zongzi.

The Legend of Qu Yuan and Dragon Boat Festival: As a minister in the State of Chu - one of the seven Warring States, Qu Yuan was a patriotic poet who wrote a lot of works to show his care and devotion to his country. Composing masterpieces like Li Sao (The Lament), he was regarded as one of the greatest poets in Chinese history. After he was exiled by the king, he chose to drown himself in the river rather than seeing his country invaded and conquered by the State of Qin. He died on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, thus people decided to commemorate him on that day every year.

The works of Qu Yuan have survived in an early anthology, the Chuci (Eng. trans. The Songs of the South, 1959; also translated as Elegies of the South, 2011), much of which must be attributed to later poets writing about the legendary life of Qu Yuan. 

However, there are few different theories on the early history of Dragon Boat Festival. According to such theory, advanced by Wen Yiduo (c. 1899 –1946 - a prominent Chinese poet and scholar), is that the Dragon Boat Festival originated from Dragon Worship. 

His conclusion is drawn from two key traditions of the dragon boat festival: the tradition of dragon boat racing and zongzi. The food may have originally represented an offering to the dragon king, while dragon boat racing naturally reflects a reverence for the dragon and the active yang energy associated with it. This was merged with the tradition of visiting friends and family on boats.

The Traditional "Dragon Boat Festival," English name directly translates into two alternative Chinese names for the holiday, 龍船節 (Lóngchuánjié) and 龍舟節 (Lóngzhōujié). These are the official Chinese name of the festival and these names for Dragon Boat Festival are also used in Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao.

In Mandarin, it is romanized as Duānwǔjié on the mainland and Taiwan. All of these names refer to its original position in the traditional Chinese calendar, which was also known as 午 (Wǔ). 

The People's Republic of China use "Dragon Boat Festival" as the official English translation of the holiday, and is globally recognized with this name. Among Malaysian, Singaporean, and Taiwanese Hokkien speakers, the festival is also known as the "Fifth Month Festival," the "Fifth Day Festival," and the "Dumpling Festival." In Indonesian, the festival is known as "Peh Cun", which is derived from Hokkien (扒船; pê-chûn).

Dragon Boat Festival Holidays

The Dragon Boat festival was long marked as a cultural festival in China and is a public holiday in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macau. The People's Republic of China government established in 1949, however, did not officially recognize Dragon Boat Festival or Duanwu Festival (In Chinese) as a public holiday. 
          

However, beginning in 2005, the government began to plan for the recognition of three traditional holidays, including Duanwu. Since 2008, Duanwu has been celebrated not only as a festival but also as a public holiday in the People's Republic of China. It is unofficially observed by the Chinese communities of Southeast Asia, including Singapore and Malaysia. Equivalent and related official festivals include the Japanese holiday of Children's Day (Japan).

Tradition and Customs of Dragon Boat Festival 

Three of the most widespread activities conducted during the Dragon Boat Festival is eating (and preparing) Zongzi, drinking Realgar Wine and Racing Dragon BoatsMany traditional customs and activities are held on the specified day by people in China and even by people in neighboring Asian countries. Dragon boat racing and eating Zongzi are the central customs of the festival. In some regions in China, people also wear a perfume pouch, tie five-color silk thread and hang mugwort leaves or calamus on their doors.

Dragon Boat Racing

Dragon Boat Racing during Dragon Boat Festival in China.

Celebrate inspiring eastern traditions with treasures from the Far East, during the Dragon Boat Festival - the Dragon boat racing has a rich history of ancient ceremonial and ritualistic traditions, which originated in southern central China more than 2500 years ago. As we discussed early, the legend starts with the story of Qu Yuan, who was a minister in one of the Warring State governments, Chu. 

He was slandered by jealous government officials and banished by the king. Out of disappointment in the Chu monarch, he drowned himself into the Miluo river. The common people rushed to the water and tried to recover his body. 

In commemoration of Qu Yuan, people hold dragon boat races yearly on the day of his death according to the legend. They also scattered rice into the water to feed the fish, to prevent them from eating Qu Yuan's body, which is one of the origins of zongzi. Today, Rowing teams competing in a race during the annual Dragon Boat Festival to commemorate the traditional event in a more sporty manner. 

The traditional Chinese legend holds that the race originates from the idea of the people who rowed their boats to save Qu Yuan after he drowned himself. Now it has turned to be a sports event not only held in China, but also observed in Japan, Vietnam, and Britain.

Dragon boats are thus named because the fore and stern of the boat are in a shape of a traditional Chinese Dragon. A team of people works the oars in a bid to reach the destination before other teams. One team member sits at the front of the boat beating a drum in order to maintain morale and ensure that the rowers keep in time with one another. 

The best places to experience the dragon boat races during the festival are:

a. Yueyang International Dragon Boat Race: Miluo River Dragon Boat Race Center, Yueyang, Hunan
b. Zigui Dragon Boat Racing: Xujiachong Bay, Zuigui County, Yichang, Hubei
c. Miao People’s International Canoe Festival: Qingshui River, Guizhou
d. Hangzhou Xixi Dragon Boat Race: Xixi Wetland Park

Zongzi


Most Chinese festivals are observed by eating a particular food as a custom, and the Dragon Boat Festival is no exception. Zongzi, a pyramid-shaped glutinous rice dumpling wrapped in reed leaves, is the special food eaten on the day. A notable part of celebrating China's annual Duanwu (Dragon Boat) Festival include the featured activity for Duanwu is making and eating zongzi with other family members. People traditionally wrap zongzi in leaves of bamboo, lotus or banana which give a special aroma and flavor to the sticky rice and fillings. 

Choices of fillings vary depending on regions. Northern regions in China prefer sweet or dessert-styled zongzi, with bean paste, dates and nuts as fillings. Southern regions in China prefer savory zongzi, with a variety of fillings including marinated pork belly, chicken, sausage and salted duck eggs. Nowadays, Zongzi already becomes a common food, which can be easily found in supermarkets. However, some families still retain the tradition to make Zongzi on the festival day. 

The custom of eating zongzi is now popular in North and South Korea, Japan and Southeast Asian nations. Zongzi are considered as a symbol of luck, as the pronunciation of zong is very similar to the pronunciation of zhong. 

Realgar Wine

Realgar Wines part of a traditional Chinese alcoholic drink used during Dragon Boat Racing.

Realgar wine is a Chinese alcoholic drink that is made from Chinese yellow wine dosed with powdered realgar, a yellow-orange arsenic sulfide mineral. Realgar is often used as a pesticide against mosquitoes and other insects during the hot summers, and as a common antidote against poison in ancient Asia. The Realgar Wine consists of Chinese cereal wine and dosed with powdered realgar, a yellow-orange arsenic sulfide mineral.

Wearing a Perfume Pouch and Tying Five-color Silk Thread


According to folklore, wearing the perfume pouch protects children from evil. So on this day, children decorate their clothes with diversely fragranced pouches. It is a kind of small pouch made of the colorful silk cloth stringed with five-color silk thread. Another custom is to tie five-color silk thread to a child's wrists, ankles, and around their neck. 

Five-color thread holds special significance in that it is thought to contain magical and healing properties. Children are not permitted to speak while their parents tie the five-color thread for them, neither are they allowed to remove it until the specified time. Only after the first summer rainfall can the children throw the thread into the river. This is thought to protect the children from plague and diseases.

Hanging Mugwort Leaves and Calamus


The festival is held during summer when all kinds of diseases can prevail, so people clean their houses and put mugwort leaves and calamus on the top of the doors to discourage disease. It is said that the stem and the leaves of these plants discharge a special aroma which can dispel the mosquitoes, flies and purify the air, so this custom is an understandably popular one.

Other Foods related to Dragon Food Festival:

Other Chinese Foods and Traditions as part of Dragon Boat Festival. 

Ricefield Eel

Eel is another delicacy that people enjoy much during the festival. Especially the eel in the rice field, is most tender and nutritive at that time. For people in southern China, eel is as important as Zongzi on Dragon Boat Festival. Eel is usually stewed with tofu and mushrooms, and the soup tastes tender and sweet. Braising with garlic is also another popular way to cook eel.

Dagao

Dagao is a kind of cake made of mugwort and boiled sticky rice. Thump the boiled rice repeatedly for a long time and make it become a paste. Dip it in sugar or honey, it becomes the most popular local food, which is glutinous and chewy. Now, in Yanbian area of Jilin Province in northeast China, people get used to having Dagao during the Dragon Boat Festival.

Tea Eggs

In Jiangxi Province, boiling chicken eggs with tea is an old tradition. Some areas will also use duck or goose eggs, and after fully cooked, the eggs will be painted in red on the shell and then put into a net bag. It is believed that hanging the eggs on children's necks would help to defuse the bad luck and misfortune.

Garlic Eggs

In Henan and Zhejiang Provinces, boiled garlic eggs would be people's breakfast on the festival day, for the eggs boiled with garlic are regarded as alexipharmic to dispel away poisonous insects.

Jiandui

Jiandu is a kind of fried glutinous ball made of wheat or sticky rice flour, with sesame on the surface. According to the folklore, the raining season before the Dragon Boat Festival was caused by the holes in the Heaven, and Jiandui can fill up these holes. Therefore, people eat the glutinous balls to stop the rain. In Fujian Province in southeast China, the celebration of eating Jiandui is widely kept.

Pancake

In Wenzhou area along China's east coast, people will eat thin pancakes on the festival. When the soft and thin pancakes are finished, roll them with inside fillings like Chinese chives, diced fry-eggs, mushrooms, and meat. And then eat the wrapped bundles, which enable people to taste different flavors just in one bite.


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