Tuesday, 8 May 2018

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Dragon Boat Festival [Official Website]

Introduction : Dragon Boat Festival [Official Website]

The fifth lunar month of the fifth lunar month is a traditional folk festival of China - the Dragon Boat Festival. It is one of the ancient traditional festivals of the Chinese nation. Duanwu also known as the end of five, Duanyang. In addition, the Dragon Boat Festival also has many other names, such as: Midday Festival, weigh five, May Festival, Bathing Lantern Festival, Daughter's Day, Day of the Mid-Autumn Festival, Earth La, Poet Day, Dragon Day and so on. Although the names are different, on the whole, the customs of the people around the country are still different.

dragon boat festival
dragon boat festival
Over the Dragon Boat Festival, is the traditional habit of the Chinese people for more than 2,000 years. Due to its vast geographical area, numerous nationalities, and many stories and legends, it has not only produced many different festival names, but also has different customs everywhere. The main contents are: daughter back to her parents' home, hanging bells like a statue, welcome ghost ships, escape the afternoon, sign post breaks, hang calamus, wormwood, travel sick, sachet, prepared for safaris, dragon boat racing, contest, batting Swinging, giving children a realgar, drinking realgar wine, sirup wine, eating five poisonous cakes, salted eggs, medlars and seasonal fresh fruits, etc., except for the disappearance of activities with superstitious colors, the rest have so far spread to all parts of China and neighboring countries. Some activities, such as dragon boat racing, have achieved new developments, breaking through time and geographical boundaries and becoming international sports events.

There are many arguments about the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival, such as: commemorating Qu Yuan, commemorating Wu Zixuan, commemorating Cao Yu, beginning with the three-generation Summer Solstice Festival, evil days repelling evil days, and Wu Yue’s national totem sacrifice. Each of the above said, its own source. According to scholars Wen Yiduo's "Dragon Boat Exam" and "The Dragon Boat Festival History Education" listed more than a hundred ancient records and expert archaeological research, the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival is a festival of totem sacrifices held by Wu and Yue peoples in the ancient South of China, earlier than Qu Yuan. . However, for thousands of years, Qu Yuan’s patriotism and touching poetry have been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. Therefore, people “cherish and mourn for the past and use the word to tell the truth.” Therefore, to commemorate the theory of Qu Yuan, the most influential, Occupy the mainstream. In the field of folk culture, the Chinese people linked the dragon boat race on Dragon Boat Festival and eating dumplings to the memorial of Qu Yuan.

Dragon Boat Festival Customs

The Dragon Boat Festival in China is more grand and the celebration activities are also varied. The more common activities are the following:

  Dragon Boat Race:

Dragon boat racing is the main custom of the Dragon Boat Festival. Legend has it that in ancient times, the Chu people were reluctant to die, and the Qu Yuan died in the river. Many people rowed to chase and save. They scrambled for fear and found no trace when they went to Dongting Lake. Afterwards, dragon boats are commemorated on May 5 every year. The dragon boat is used to disperse the fish in the river so that the fish do not eat the body of Qu Yuan. The practice of racing is prevalent in Wu, Yue and Chu.

In fact, "Dragon Boat Race" had existed as early as the Warring States Period. The canoe carved into a dragon shape in the sound of drums, as a ferry game to entertain the gods and musicians, is a semi-religious and semi-recreative program in rituals.

Later, in addition to commemorating Qu Yuan, dragon boat racing also paid different meanings to people everywhere.

The dragon boat races in Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces also commemorate the significance of the local female modern revolutionary revolutionist Qiu Jin. On the Dragon Boat, the lanterns and lanterns are colored, and the shuttle moves between the water and the water. The scene is moving and has unique taste. The Miao people of Guizhou held the “Dragon Boat Festival” on May 25 to 28 in the lunar calendar to celebrate the planting victory and wishing the grain harvest. The compatriots of the Yunnan Dai nationality race in the Songkran Festival to commemorate the ancient hero Yan Hong Wo. Different nationalities and different regions have different legends. Until today, in the areas of the rivers, lakes, and seas in the south, the Dragon Boat Race with its own characteristics will be held every year.
dragon boat racing
Dragon Boat Racing

Twenty-nine years of Qing Emperor Qianlong (1736), Taiwan began to hold a dragon boat race. At that time, Jiang Yuanjun, the prefect of Taiwan, had hosted a friendly match at the Half Moon Pond at Fahua Temple in Tainan City. Taiwan now holds a dragon boat race on May 5 every year. In Hong Kong, there are also races.
In addition, dragon boats have also been introduced into neighbouring countries such as Japan, Vietnam and the United Kingdom. In 1980, the Dragon Boat Race was included in the China National Sports Competition, and the "Qu Yuan Cup" Dragon Boat Race was held every year. On June 16, 1991 (the fifth day of the fifth lunar month), the first International Dragon Boat Festival was held in Yueyang City, Hunan Province, the second hometown of Qu Yuan. Prior to the competition, a "Faucet Festival" was held, which preserved traditional rituals and infused new modern elements. The “leader” was brought into the songzi Temple. After the athlete gave the leader “red” (red band), the ancestors read the confession and “light” (ie, clear) leadership. Then, all those who participated in the sacrifice of the dragon were sent to the dragon boat race. As many as 600,000 people participated in competitions, trade fairs and party activities. This is unprecedented. After that, Hunan regularly holds the International Dragon Boat Festival. Dragon boat races will spread around the world.

Dragon Boat Restaurant

Dragon Boat Festival to eat dumplings, this is another traditional practice of the Chinese people. The crickets are also called "horns" and "tubes." It has a long history and many kinds of tricks.

According to records, as early as the Spring and Autumn Period, the use of medlar leaves (Sui Baiye) wrapped glutinous rice into a horn-like, called "horn rake"; sealed with bamboo rice cooked baked, called "tube 粽." In the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty, glutinous rice was soaked in grey water of vegetation. Because of the alkali in the water, the glutinous rice dumplings were packed into squares with glutinous rice and cooked to make it become alkaline alfalfa in Guangdong.

  Jin Dynasty, dumplings were officially designated as the Dragon Boat Festival food. At this time, in addition to glutinous rice, the raw materials for the dumplings were also added with Chinese medicines, and the cooked dumplings were called "Zhiqi." At the time of the Zhou Dynasty, "Yueyang Fengjiji" recorded: "Vulgar leaves are wrapped with glutinous rice, ... ... cook it, and combine it thoroughly. From May 5th to the summer solstice, there is a beggar and a beggar." During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, Miscellaneous. Rice is rich in poultry, chestnut, red dates, and red beans. Zongzi also serves as a gift for engagement.
By the Tang Dynasty, the use of rice for rice dumplings was “white and jadey”, and its shape appeared to be conical and diamond-shaped. In Japanese literature, there is a record of "Datang Scorpion." In the Song Dynasty, there was already a "preserved fruit," that is, fruit was introduced into the pot. The poet Su Dongpo has a poem "When Yu Yu Meets Yang Mei". At this time, there were also advertisements made of dumplings, towers, pavilions and horses and horses, indicating that it was fashionable to eat rice dumplings in the Song Dynasty. During the Yuan and Ming Dynasties, the dumplings of Zongzi had been transformed from loquat leaves to loquat leaves, and later appeared reeds wrapped in reed leaves. Appearances of bean paste, pork, pine nuts, dates, walnuts, etc. had appeared in the additive, and the varieties were more colorful.

Until today, every year in early May, Chinese families are required to dip glutinous rice, wash leaves, and wrap rice dumplings. Judging from the fillings, the northern jujube contains many jujubes of Beijing jujube; in the south, there are various fillings such as red bean paste, fresh meat, ham, and egg yolk. Among them, Jiaxing wolfberry in Zhejiang is the representative. The customs of eating dumplings have been flourishing in China for thousands of years and have spread to North Korea, Japan, and Southeast Asian countries.


Dragon Boat Festival children admire sachets, it is said that there is a sense of evil drive, it is actually used to decorate the skull. Inside the sachet there are cinnabar, realgar, and fragrant medicines, which are covered with silk cloth and overflowing with fragrant fragrance. Then they are buckled with five-color silk strings to make a variety of shapes to form a series of various shapes and exquisite and lovely.

Suisan Leaf

The ballad said: "Chen Ming Qing Liu, Dragon Boat Festival insert Ai." During the Dragon Boat Festival, people used Ai and Changpu as one of the important contents. Every family sweeps away the courts, inserts irises and moxa sticks in the eyebrows, and hangs them in the church. And use calamus, leaves, flowers, garlic, garlic, dragon boat flowers, made of human or tiger-shaped, known as Ai Ren, Ai Hu; made of garlands, accessories, beautiful fragrance, women dressed in scrambling to drive pipa.

Ai, also known as Ai, Artemisia. Its stems and leaves contain volatile aromatic oils. The fragrant aroma it produces can drive mosquitoes, flies and ants, and purify the air. Chinese medicine uses Alzheimer's medicine to regulate blood, warm the uterus, and eliminate cold and dampness. The processing of wormwood into "moxa" is an important medicinal material for moxibustion.

Calanus calamus is a perennial aquatic herb. Its narrow and long leaves also contain volatile aromatic oils. It is a medicine that refreshes the body, eliminates bones, and kills insects.

It can be seen that the ancients inserted Ai and Acorus calamus had certain disease-preventing effects. The Dragon Boat Festival is also a “Health Festival” that has been handed down from ancient times. On this day, people sweep the courtyard, hang Ai Zhi, hang Changpu, sprinkle Xiong Huangshui, drink yangxiong wine, extinguish turbidity, sterilize and prevent diseases. These activities also reflect the fine traditions of the Chinese nation. The Dragon Boat Festival is a common custom for all ethnic groups in our country.

Dragon Boat Festival Poetry Selection


(Tang) Wen Xiu
In the section of the Dragon Boat Festival, the rumors are Qu Yuan;
The ridiculous Chu Jiang is empty and cannot be washed straight.

Seven Rules. Dragon Boat Festival

(Tang) Yin Zhen

Juvenile times are more passionate, and old people who know and feel generously;
Ai fu trend is not custom, but pray for the sake of wine.
Cocoon adds whiteheads every day, and garnet takes care of eyes every year.
Thousands of people were ignorant and stupid, and several people did not name themselves.

Race song (excerpt)

(Tang) Zhang Jianfeng

On May 5th, Tian Qingming, Yang Hua, and Jiang Xiaoying;
The king did not get out of the county and fast, and he heard the sound of harmony on the river.
The monarchs were all allowed to go out, and the horse was led by the red flag.
The two sides of the Taiwan Strait wore wild incense and the silver halberd was like a frost blade;
The red flag kicked off and the two dragons jumped out of the water.
棹 斡 斡 飞 飞 飞 飞 飞 飞 飞 斡 , , , , , ,
The sound of drums is approaching rapidly, and the two dragons look at the target.
The people on the slope shouted, and the rainbow hanging halo halo;
Before the ship grabs the water, it has won the bid.

The door of the order. Duan Yang

(Qing) Li Jingshan

Cherry mulberry and calamus, but also buy a pot of yellow wine.
Yellow paper posts hanging outside the door, but doubts feared the charm.

Seven Laws. Dragon Boat Festival

Old home

The Dragon Boat Festival was mad with wind and rain, and the village children still wore old clothes;
Invited to bring love, dare to mud deep love cottage;
When customers have the same feelings, they will have no money to buy wine and sell articles;
This year will be three feet fish, not like the current flavor of beans.


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